Coupled Human and Natural Systems

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Complex Adaptive Systems

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Human interact with nature and derive utilities. In pre-historic times the interactions between human and nature were very simple – extract resource for your survival. When resources were abundance there was no competition. As human observed that resources decline they designed institutions so as to restrict the extraction to ensure perpetual harvest. As homo economicus came into existence man made capital started replacing natural capital.

In linear and throughput models such replacements do not undermine its validity. In circular or roundput models replacements are only possible when the niche created by the absence of any resource extinction is fullfilled by another resources which produces the result of same magnitude and same direction. This is possible only when the natural systems are adaptive and are comprised of homogeneity.



Written by shashidhungel

October 27, 2010 at 6:42 pm

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